What is sociology?
Sociology is the study of society and human beings, social relationships, and social institutions. Sociology’s subject matter is diverse. In sociology, we study crime to religion, family to the estate, gender and inequality, race and social class divisions, social stability, and radical changes in society. Sociology is a vast field. It covers all the societal aspects. Sociology’s diversity aims to understand how human beings act and behave in society, culture, and social structure.
Well, sociology is an illuminating and exciting field of study. It analyzes and explains all of the essential matters of our personal lives, communities, and the whole world.
Sociology studies all aspects and levels of society. At a personal level, Sociology also explores the social cause, religious faith, racial and gender identity, love and its consequences, family conflict, and deviant behavior.
Sociology examines population growth and migration, peace and war, and economic development at the global level.
At the societal level, sociology investigates poverty and wealth, law and crime, schools and education, urban community, business firms, social movements, and prejudice and discrimination.
Sociology gives a lot of distinctive perspectives on the world. Sociologists always think critically and analyze any matter deeply because this field offers research techniques applicable to any aspect of social life. Students of sociology know how to think critically about human social life and design good research projects. Students of sociology also know how to help others. They learned in sociology how to evaluate, think, and communicate effectively and creatively.
So, sociology is a vast discipline with expanding opportunities and provides a wide range of career paths.
Definition of sociology
Sociology is the study of social life, social change, and the social cause and consequences of human behavior.
• “Sociology is the study of social action.” (Max Weber)
• “Sociology is the scientific study of society.” (Auguste Comte)
• “Sociology is the study of collective behavior.” (Park &Berger)
• “Sociology is the study of social facts through social institutions” (Emile Durkheim)
• “Sociology is the scientific study of social aspects of human life” (Mack Yong)
• “Sociology is the study of humans living together.” (Tonnies)
Origin of sociology-Nineteenth-century origins
During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, technology and science encouraged the thinker and philosopher that there could be a rational explanation for everything. Meanwhile, that scientific study could solve problems that human beings face.
Ibne Khaldun was the founding father of sociology. Auguste Comte gave the confidential name to sociology. It provides the highest level of scientific explanation of human society itself. Karl Marx, Herbert Spencer, and Durkheim are the founding father of sociology.
The most knowledgeable and used theories are the following
• Social interaction theory
• Social action theory
• Standpoint theory
• Relative deprivation theory
• Social exchange theory
What is sociological imagination?
Sociological imagination explains the relationship between social issues and personal challenges. C.Wright Mills, the great sociologist, said, “Neither the life of an individual nor the history of a society can be understood without understanding both” he wrote a book on “the sociological imagination.” This book guides its readers through which lenses they view their lives and change their thinking perspectives.
Max Weber is known for “the protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.” Talcott parson focused on religion, and Durkheim worked on functionalism. Erving Goffman, the great sociologist, is known for his book “the presentation of self in everyday life.” Auguste Comte was the first and foremost sociologist known for his law of three stages.